Newcastle History

The city of Newcastle-upon-Tyne was established at the lowest place the Tyne could be easily crossed. In 1080 the Normans constructed a wooden fort to safeguard the crossing. They also built a wooden bridge. (The 'new castle' was reconstructed in stone in the 12th century).

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Newcastle science festival

Newcastle Science Festival

Newcastle ScienceFest is a 10-day event at venues across NewcastleGateshead, with the principal aim of increasing the North East’s enthusiasm for science and encouraging young people to consider a career in this area.

The first Science Festival programme in the city ran from 2002 – 2007. In 2008 funding from One NorthEast was awarded for an additional three festivals (2009–2011). The festival is delivered in partnership with Centre for Life, Tyne and Wear Museums, Newcastle Science City, Newcastle University, Newcastle City Council and culture10 as part of NewcastleGateshead’s world-class programme of festivals and events.

Debates and Lectures in 2013

Debates and lectures featured eminent scientists, including stars of the small screen, those at the forefront of today’s technology and scientists searching for solutions to tomorrow’s challenges.

The Award Lectures are a highlight of the programme and are awarded to rising stars of the world of science – Professor Brian Cox and Professor Richard Wiseman both gave Award Lectures at the start of their careers. This year two Newcastle University researchers have been selected for the prestigious honour of giving two of the five Award Lectures in recognition of their skills in presenting their work to a general audience. Dr Michael Sweet delivered the Charles Darwin Award Lecture titled ‘Coral Reefs and the Grim Reaper’ and Professor Hayley Fowler presented the Joseph Lister Award Lecture titled ‘What is happening to our weather?’

Soon a little town grew up in the shadow of this new castle and it was named after it. In the Middle Ages towns often grew up by castles because the garrisons offered space for a market for the townspeople's goods.

Tudor Newcastle

In 1539 Henry VIII shut down the friaries in Newcastle. In 1540 he shut down the nunnery. However Henry also founded a grammar school in Newcastle which was incorporated in 1600.