Newcastle History

The city of Newcastle-upon-Tyne was established at the lowest place the Tyne could be easily crossed. In 1080 the Normans constructed a wooden fort to safeguard the crossing. They also built a wooden bridge. (The 'new castle' was reconstructed in stone in the 12th century).

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Newcastle history and science festival - Events



Soon a little town grew up in the shadow of this new castle and it was named after it. In the Middle Ages towns often grew up by castles because the garrisons offered space for a market for the townspeople's goods.

Tudor Newcastle

In 1539 Henry VIII shut down the friaries in Newcastle. In 1540 he shut down the nunnery. However Henry also founded a grammar school in Newcastle which was incorporated in 1600.